- The stoat, also known as the short-tailed weasel, is a mammal of the genus Mustela of the family Mustelidae native to Eurasia and North America, distinguished from the least weasel by its larger size and longer tail with a prominent black tip
- The name ermine is often, but not always, used for the animal in its pure white winter coat, or the fur thereof
- In the late 19th century, stoats were introduced into New Zealand to control rabbits, where the stoats have had a devastating effect on native bird populations
- It is classed by the IUCN as least concern, due to its wide circumpolar distribution, and because it does not face any significant threat to its survival
- It was nominated as one of the world's top 100 "worst invaders"
- Ermine luxury fur was used by Catholic monarchs in the 15th century, who sometimes used it as the mozzetta cape
- It was also used in capes on images such as the Infant Jesus of Prague
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