- Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst
|Born:||06 May 1856 Comment |
|When did Sigmund Freud die? / Died||23 September 1939|
|How many years did Sigmund Freud live? / Lived||83 years|
Sigmund Freud facts
- Freud was born to Galician Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg, in the Austro-Hungarian Empire
- He qualified as a doctor of medicine in 1881 at the University of Vienna
- Upon completing his habilitation in 1885, he was appointed a docent in neuropathology and became an affiliated professor in 1902
- Freud lived and worked in Vienna, having set up his clinical practice there in 1886
- In 1938 Freud left Austria to escape the Nazis
- He died in exile in the United Kingdom in 1939
- In creating psychoanalysis, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference, establishing its central role in the analytic process
- Freud's redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him to formulate the Oedipus complex as the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory
- His analysis of dreams as wish-fulfillments provided him with models for the clinical analysis of symptom formation and the underlying mechanisms of repression
- On this basis Freud elaborated his theory of the unconscious and went on to develop a model of psychic structure comprising id, ego and super-ego
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