- Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is a Turkish politician
- He serves as the 12th and current President of Turkey
- Find more facts about him below
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Height
|How tall is Recep Tayyip Erdoğan?||185 cm / 6 ft 1 in|
|Weight|| 85 kg / 187 lbs Comment
|Born:||26 February 1954 Comment |
|How old is Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in 2022? / Age: ||67 years
|Where was Recep Tayyip Erdoğan born?||Kasımpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey|
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Net worth 2022 (estimated)
|How much is Recep Tayyip Erdoğan worth?||$50,000,000 Comment|
Who is Recep Tayyip Erdoğan? / Facts
Early life - Erdoğan was born in the Kasımpaşa, a poor neighborhood of Istanbul, to which his family had moved from Rize Province in the 1930s.
Erdoğan spent his early childhood in Rize, where his father was a captain in the Turkish Coast Guard.
The family returned to Istanbul when Erdoğan was 13 years old.
As a teenager, Erdoğan's father provided him with a weekly allowance of 2.5 Turkish lira, less than a dollar.
With it, Erdoğan bought postcards and resold them on the street. He sold bottles of water to drivers stuck in traffic. Erdoğan also worked as a street vendor selling simit (sesame bread rings).
In his youth, Erdoğan played semi-professional football at a local club.
Education - Erdoğan graduated from Kasımpaşa Piyale primary school in 1965, and İmam Hatip school, a religious vocational high school, in 1973.
Erdoğan was then admitted to Eyüp High School, a regular state school.
According to his official biography, he subsequently studied Business Administration at the Aksaray School of Economics and Commercial Sciences, now known as Marmara University's Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences.
Several Turkish sources dispute that he graduated, or even attended at all.
Current position - Erdoğan is a Turkish politician serving as the 12th and current President of Turkey.
Positions held before - He previously served as Prime Minister of Turkey from 2003 to 2014 and as Mayor of Istanbul from 1994 to 1998.
Political party - He founded the Justice and Development Party (AKP) in 2001, leading it to election victories in 2002, 2007, and 2011 before standing down upon his election as President in 2014.
He later returned to the AKP leadership in 2017 following the constitutional referendum that year.
Coming from an Islamist political background and as a self-described conservative democrat, he has promoted socially conservative and populist policies during his administration.
Debut in politics - Erdoğan played football for Kasımpaşa before being elected as the Mayor of Istanbul in 1994, as the candidate of the Islamist Welfare Party.
He was later stripped of his position, banned from political office, and imprisoned for four months for inciting religious hatred, due to his recitation of a poem by Ziya Gökalp.
Erdoğan subsequently abandoned openly Islamist politics, establishing the moderate conservative AKP in 2001, which he went on to lead to a landslide victory in 2002.
With Erdoğan still technically prohibited from holding office, the AKP's co-founder, Abdullah Gül, instead became Prime Minister, and later annulled Erdoğan's political ban.
After winning a by-election in Siirt in 2003, Erdoğan replaced Gül as Prime Minister, with Gül instead becoming the AKP's candidate for the presidency.
Erdoğan led the AKP to two more election victories in 2007 and 2011, before being elected President in 2014, and re-elected in 2018.
- Achievements - The early years of Erdoğan's tenure as prime minister saw advances in negotiations for Turkey's membership of the European Union, an economic recovery following a financial crash in 2001 and investments in infrastructure including roads, airports, and a high-speed train network.
He also won two successful constitutional referendums in 2007 and 2010.
- Conflicts - However, his government remained controversial for its close links with Fethullah Gülen and his Gülen Movement (since designated as a terrorist organisation by the Turkish state) with whom the AKP was accused of orchestrating purges against secular bureaucrats and military officers through the Balyoz and Ergenekon trials.
In late 2012, his government began peace negotiations with the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) to end the Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978–present).
The ceasefire broke down in 2015, leading to a renewed escalation in conflict.
- Foreign policy - Erdoğan's foreign policy has been described as Neo-Ottoman and has led to the Turkish involvement in the Syrian Civil War, with its focus on preventing the Syrian Democratic Forces from gaining ground on the Syria–Turkey border during the Syrian Civil War.
- Domestic policy - Under Erdoğan's rule, Turkey has experienced democratic backsliding and corruption in later years.
Starting with the anti-government protests in 2013, his government imposed growing censorship on the press and social media, restricting access to sites such as YouTube, Twitter and Wikipedia.
This stalled negotiations related to Turkey’s EU membership.
A US$100 billion corruption scandal in 2013 led to the arrests of Erdoğan's close allies, and incriminated Erdoğan.
Following a souring in relations with Gülen, Erdoğan proceeded to purge his supporters from judicial, bureaucratic and military positions.
- Failed coup d'état - A failed military coup d'état attempt in July 2016 resulted in further purges and a state of emergency.
The government claimed that the coup leaders were linked to Gülen, but he has denied any role in it.
- Presidency - As a long-standing proponent of changing Turkey's parliamentary system of government into an executive presidency, Erdoğan formed an alliance with the far-right Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) to establish an executive presidency in 2017, where the changes were accepted in a constitutional referendum.
The new system of government formally came into place after the 2018 general election, where Erdoğan and the new AKP-MHP People's Alliance was re-elected.
He has since been tackling, but also accused of contributing to, the Turkish currency and debt crisis of 2018, which has caused a significant decline in his popularity and is widely believed to have contributed to the results of the 2019 local elections, in which the ruling party lost control of Ankara and Istanbul for the first time in 15 years.
After the loss, the Turkish government ordered a re-election in Istanbul, in which the ruling party lost the elections again with an even greater margin.
The two successive losses were considered to be significant defeats for Erdoğan, who had once said that if his party "lost Istanbul, we would lose Turkey".
- Controversies - In July 2020, Erdoğan ordered the reclassification of Hagia Sophia as a mosque.
The redesignation has been controversial, invoking condemnation from the Turkish opposition, UNESCO, the World Council of Churches, and many international leaders.
- Accolades - He held a place in TIME magazine's "The 100 Most Influential People" issue in May 2017.
- Personal life - Erdoğan married Emine Gülbaran on 4 July 1978.
They have two sons, Ahmet Burak and Necmettin Bilal, and two daughters, Esra and Sümeyye.
- Social media stats as of August 2020:
- 9.9M followers on Facebook
16.6M followers on Twitter
8.6M followers on Instagram
170K subscribers on YouTube
Bio / wiki sources: Wikipedia, accounts on social media, content from our users.
- Kasımpaşa Piyale primary school
- İmam Hatip school
- Eyüp High School
- Aksaray School of Economics and Commercial Sciences
Several experts on the Middle East concur that the Middle East cannot be democratized.
There is no Kurdish problem.
Turkey is a sovereign state, just like the U.S. We might go to different directions, in terms of our impressions and ideas, but we'll always remain friends.
But foremost, I do not subscribe to the view that Islamic culture and democracy cannot be reconciled.
Therefore, the observation must be explicitly made: In the Middle East and in the Muslim world, suspicions linger concerning the objectives of the West and notably the US.
There exists an unmistakable demand in the Middle East and in the wider Muslim world for democratization.
However, democracy cannot be defined as the existence of parliaments and elections alone.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Social Media Accounts
Info source: Wikipedia, social media accounts, users content.
Last update: 29 August 2020
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