- Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Russian: Алексе́й Макси́мович Пешко́в or Пе́шков; 28 March [O
|Born:||28 March 1868 Comment |
|When did Maxim Gorky die? / Died||18 June 1936|
|How many years did Maxim Gorky live? / Lived||68 years|
Maxim Gorky facts
- 16 March] 1868 – 18 June 1936), primarily known as Maxim (Maksim) Gorky (/ˈɡɔːrki/; Russian: Макси́м Го́рькій or Го́рький), was a Russian and Soviet writer, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist
- He was also a five-time nominee for the Nobel Prize in Literature
- Around fifteen years before success as a writer, he frequently changed jobs and roamed across the Russian Empire; these experiences would later influence his writing
- Gorky's most famous works were The Lower Depths (1902), Twenty-six Men and a Girl, The Song of the Stormy Petrel, The Mother, Summerfolk and Children of the Sun
- He had an association with fellow Russian writers Leo Tolstoy and Anton Chekhov; Gorky would later mention them in his memoirs
- Gorky was active with the emerging Marxist social-democratic movement
- He publicly opposed the Tsarist regime, and for a time closely associated himself with Vladimir Lenin and Alexander Bogdanov's Bolshevik wing of the party
- For a significant part of his life, he was exiled from Russia and later the Soviet Union
- In 1932, he returned to Russia on Joseph Stalin's personal invitation and died there in June 1936
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