- James Monroe was an American statesman who served as the fifth President of the United States from 1817 and 1825
|Born:||28 April 1758 Comment |
|When did James Monroe die? / Died||04 July 1831|
|How many years did James Monroe live? / Lived||73 years|
James Monroe facts
- Monroe was the last president who was a Founding Father of the United States and the last president from the Virginian dynasty and the Republican Generation
- Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, Monroe was of the planter class and fought in the American Revolutionary War
- He was wounded in the Battle of Trenton with a musket ball to his shoulder
- After studying law under Thomas Jefferson from 1780 to 1783, he served as a delegate in the Continental Congress
- As an anti-federalist delegate to the Virginia convention that considered ratification of the United States Constitution, Monroe opposed ratification, claiming it gave too much power to the central government
- He took an active part in the new government, and in 1790 he was elected to the Senate of the first United States Congress, where he joined the Democratic-Republicans
- He gained experience as an executive as the Governor of Virginia and rose to national prominence as a diplomat in France, when he helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase in 1803
- During the War of 1812, Monroe held the critical roles of Secretary of State and the Secretary of War under President James Madison
- Facing little opposition from the fractured Federalist Party, Monroe was easily elected president in 1816, winning over 80 percent of the electoral vote and becoming the last president during the First Party System era of American politics
- As president, he bought Florida from Spain and sought to ease partisan tensions, embarking on a tour of the country that was generally well received
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