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  • A group of viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds

  • In humans, the viruses cause respiratory infections which are typically mild including the common cold but rarer forms like SARS and MERS can be lethal

 What is Coronavirus? / Facts   

  • In cows and pigs they may cause diarrhea, while in chickens they can cause an upper respiratory disease
  • There are no vaccines or antiviral drugs that are approved for prevention or treatment (as of Jan 2020)
  • Coronaviruses are viruses in the subfamily Orthocoronavirinae in the family Coronaviridae, in the order Nidovirales
  • Coronaviruses are enveloped viruses with a positive-sense single-stranded RNA genome and with a nucleocapsid of helical symmetry
  • The genomic size of coronaviruses ranges from approximately 26 to 32 kilobases, the largest for an RNA virus
  • Name - "coronavirus" is derived from the Latin corona, meaning crown or halo, which refers to the characteristic appearance of the virus particles (virions): they have a fringe reminiscent of a royal crown or of the solar corona

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Last update: 30 January 2020
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