- Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin was a Soviet and Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999
|Born:||01 February 1931 Comment |
|When did Boris Yeltsin die? / Died||23 April 2007|
|How many years did Boris Yeltsin live? / Lived||76 years|
Boris Yeltsin facts
- Originally a supporter of Mikhail Gorbachev, Yeltsin emerged under the perestroika reforms as one of Gorbachev's most powerful political opponents
- During the late 1980s, Yeltsin had been a member of the Politburo, and in late 1987 tendered a letter of resignation in protest
- No one had resigned from the Politburo before
- This act branded Yeltsin as a rebel and led to his rise in popularity as an anti-establishment figure
- On 29 May 1990 he was elected the chairman of the Russian Supreme Soviet
- On 12 June 1991 he was elected by popular vote to the newly created post of President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), at that time one of the 15 constituent republics of the Soviet Union
- Upon the resignation of Mikhail Gorbachev and the final dissolution of the Soviet Union on 25 December 1991, after which the RSFSR became the sovereign state of the Russian Federation, Yeltsin remained in office as president
- He was reelected in the 1996 election, where critics widely claimed pervasive corruption; in the second round he defeated Gennady Zyuganov from the revived Communist Party by a margin of 13
- 7% (54
- 4% to 40
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